Relentless to bolster white USAmerican power and privileges, President Donald Trump announced the he will end with an executive order birthright citizenship, which is also known as jus soli, or “right of the soil,” guaranteed in the Fourteenth Amendment. Looking at Trump’s record and hostility against Hispanics, migrants, Muslims and other non-white minorities, it is clear that the US president is playing with fire.
While it will be difficult to repel the Fourteenth Amendment with an executive order, Trump’s latest announcement is another injection of xenophobia and white supremacy that will inspire future murderer.
The legal term for birthright citizenship is jus soli, or “right of the soil.” It’s different from the term jus sanguinis, or “right of blood,” referring to laws which rely on a person’s heritage to decide his or her citizenship status.
Trump lied and claimed in an interview with Axios that the US is “the only country in the world where a person comes in and has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States for 85 years with all of those benefits,”adding “it’s ridiculous. It’s ridiculous. And it has to end.”
There are 33 countries, all in the Western Hemisphere, that grant citizenship to anyone born on its soil, according to PunditFact. Everywhere else in Europe and East Asia, citizenship derives through their parents.
In Finland, Section 5 of the constitution stipulates how citizenship is gained.
Even if Finnish women were the first in Europe and the third in the world that were given the right to vote in 1906, only Finnish men could could pass citizenship rights to their children. In 1984, or about 66 years after citizenship, were women granted the same right in 1984.
Some, consider jus sanguinis discriminatory and even racist since it hinders through citizenship the child from becoming an equal member of society.
One of the pillars of Nazi Germany’s ethnic policy was “blood and race.”
According to University of California, San Diego sociologist John Skrentny, one explanation is colonialism why some countries have adopted jus solis over jus sanguinis. He said that lenient naturalization laws were created as European countries colonized the Americas and wiped out Amerindian populations.
“Getting people to move in was a good way to establish authority,” he said in PunditFact.
Thus Skrentny’s analysis could also be scruinized in the opposite manner; jus sanguinis’ role is to guarantee that no foreign or migrant groups gets citizenship to rapidly and theoretically after three generations, or 75 years, if the person does not become a naturalized citizen.
Jus sanguinis raises a lot of questions. A person could claim citizenship in countries like Italy and Spain if their great grandparents were from such countries. They can become citizens even if they do not speak a word of Spanish or Italian.